Personal Paper- Migraine Headaches

Morgan Roney

December 15, 2016

Migraine Headaches

The topic I chose to write on and examine more is migraine headaches. Migraine headaches affect more than 15 percent of people worldwide. They are a “…primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe” (“Migraine”). Migraines can occur any time after puberty and gradually worsen as a person ages. I am interested in the topic because my mom has very bad migraines and I wanted to understand more what they resulted from. When she gets her migraine headaches she experiences dizziness, and pain in her neck. She has resulted in getting botox treatment to control her pain. The chosen article focuses on how migraines function without aura. Migraines are categorized into two different types. A person can experience migraines with aura, the early symptoms experienced during a migraine, and migraines without aura.

Twenty-one patients that did not experience aura were tested, along with twenty-eight controls who were healthy. In the study, they used two methods to examine the patients that included: a two-sample t-tests and x2. Using those methods, no differences were shown. To test the patients, a significant amount of restrictions was given. All data was captured through imaging using a MRI system. Through the process the features were first selected and underwent the multi-kernel SVM, and the subjects were then distributed and distinguished individually to get a better examination. They then used the cross-validation method to rid what was not useful in the study. Thus, they observed that the “…anterior cingulate cortex, prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, and the insula contributed the most discriminative features” (Zhang). The charts exhibited throughout the research show many comparisons in table format; however, the methods used are spread over a large sample and the individuality report shows a more detailed approach.

Migraines relate to cells because they are known to lead to brain damage. It is believed that “…every single migraine attack may be contributing to an early onset of cell death and brain tissue loss…” (Dumas). The brain changes over time as individuals grow older, but the lesions caused by migraines are said to be more prone to damage in patients that are elderly because they can lead to strokes. Tissue volume loss also contributes to brain damage and migraines speed up the decaying of the brain. The treatment varies from patient to patient. Patients are typically on multiple medications to help with keeping the disorder from arising. Patients are also advised to keep track of when migraines occur and the patterns that occur (Dumas).

In conclusion, migraine headaches are a serious disorder that can be detrimental to one’s well-being. Without the proper diagnosis and treatment, one can suffer many different outcomes tremendously. This study helped to identify the parts of the brain that contribute most to the disorder. I will use this information to further my knowledge, and continue to research so that I am fully aware of what my mom is experiencing.

 

 

References

Dumas, P. (2016). Ouch! Every Migraine Attack Damages Your Brain || Migraine Again. Retrieved December 13, 2016, from https://migraineagain.com/ouch-every-migraine-attack-damages-brain/

Migraine. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Migraine

Zhang, Q., Wu, Q., Zhang, J., He, L., Huang, J., Zhang, J., & … Gong, Q. (2016). Discriminative Analysis of Migraine without Aura: Using Functional and Structural MRI with a Multi-Feature Classification Approach. Plos ONE11(9), 1-16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163875

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